Timor-Leste joined SWA in 2011. It was the first country from Pacific region to formally join SWA. Water and Sanitation services in Timor-Leste are led by the Ministry of Public Works under the Secretary of State for Water and Sanitation and supported by several other ministries, NGOs and international agencies. A WASH coordination body including all main ministries and NGOs meets formally every three months to review the overall progress. The ministry looks after both hardware and software aspects and also caters to both rural and urban areas. Latest JMP report says that Timor Leste is on track to achieve universal access to basic water and end open defecation by 2030 in line with SDG timelines.