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Bhutan joined SWA in 2017. The National 12th Five Year Plan (2018-2023) highlights water, sanitation and hygiene as a priority for the Kingdom, emphasizing the need for "Sustainable water-ensured water for all "and a more efficient management of wastes. In addition to the Five-Year Plan, the government prioritized water security and therefore, a flagship program with the objective to provide 24x7 safe drinking water is underway to address issues of low accessibility despite the high-water availability. Bhutan's joining of SWA was inspired by participation in a multi-stakeholder process in Pakistan. The two lead ministries (Ministry of Health and Ministry of Works and Human Settlement) in consultation with other relevant sectors have harmonized the SDG 6.1 and 6.2 indicators with the National Key Result Areas (NKRA 8 and 15) of the 12th Five Year Plan (2018-2023). Bhutan’s planning process is based on inclusive bottom up planning where local governments prioritise developmental activities according to the local needs aligned with NKRAs.

Commitments by the government

Progress Report April 2020

100% basic sanitation coverage in > 50% of the Gewogs (Blocks) of the country.
Reviewing progress
Develop an inclusive national road map for sanitation and hygiene.
Reviewing progress
Establish baseline for SDG 6.2
Reviewing progress
Explore proper cost recovery mechanism to meet out operational expenditure for urban WASH infrastructure.
Reviewing progress

Commitments by partners

Forge partnership with Ministry of Health to reach out to the most vulnerable population that we left out and give them access to adequate toilet facility.
Reviewing progress
Lobby with government to pass the National Sanitation Policy and become an implementing partners of the policy.
Reviewing progress
Upgrade all old school toilets to improved PF toilet using SATO technology (Toward zero pit latrine in School) and push for new school toilets to use equally resilient technology in partnership with Ministry of Education and UNICEF Bhutan
Reviewing progress
Mr. Karma Dupchuk
Ministry of Works and Human Settlement
Mr.Phurpa Thinley
LNW consulting
Civil Society


View all Key documents
Key documents Type
Bhutan - Collaborative Behaviour Country Profile
Bhutan 2019 SMM Country Brief
12 Year Plan (2018-2023)

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