Base de datos global del JMP
The JMP global database was created by the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (JMP). The JMP has been monitoring global WASH progress since 1990 through the globally supported household surveys. The JMP analysis helps draw connections between use of basic water and sanitation facilities and quality of life, and serves as an authoritative reference to make policy decisions and resource allocations, especially at the international level.
The JMP global database includes nearly 5,000 national datasets of WASH progress estimates for over 200 countries, areas, and territories. The database enables users to explore online or download charts, graphs and summaries and search by clicking on a map or typing in a country name.
The JMP is the "custodian" of global data on WASH - it is the official United Nations mechanism tasked with monitoring country, regional and global progress in WASH - especially towards the targets of the Sustainable Development Goals relating to universal and equitable access to drinking water, sanitation and hygiene. The 2017 update of JMP's data thus is focused on producing estimates for monitoring the new Sustainable Development Goal targets.
The JMP monitors progress on the following two targets:
- Target 6.1: By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe water and sanitation for all.
- Target 6.2 By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations.
The JMP also contributes to monitoring of SDG 1 “to end poverty in all its forms everywhere”, and “to SDG 4 to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all” by contributing data on basic water, sanitation and hygiene for the following targets:
- Target 1.4: By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services.
- Target 4.a: Build and upgrade education facilities that are child, disability and gender sensitive and provide safe, non-violent, inclusive and effective learning environments for all.
Safe water, sanitation and hygiene are also essential to SDG 3 “Ensuring healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages”.
Under SDG target 3.9, countries are working to substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination by 2030. Additionally, safe water, sanitation and hygiene are needed to reduce maternal mortality and to end preventable deaths of newborns and children as called for in SDG targets 3.1 and 3.2.
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