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Mutual Accountability Mechanism

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) require that governments engage with all actors through participatory multi-stakeholder processes, and that they demonstrate accountability in the decisions that they are taking in ensuring universal access to water and sanitation services, leaving no-one behind.

SWA’s Mutual Accountability Mechanism is designed to respond to these obligations of participation and accountability. It reflects the vision, principles, obligations, requirements and challenges set by the SDGs, as well as incorporating the SWA Framework of Guiding Principles, Collaborative Behaviours and Building Blocks.

Commitments

Government
External Support Agencies
Civil Society
Private Sector
Research and Learning

Explore our Partner countries

Government Constituency Body / Organizations Commitment Target year
Lao People's Democratic Republic (the) Government Ministry of Health By 2019 a National WASH Committee is established to provide guidance on WASH policy implementation. 2019
Lao People's Democratic Republic (the) Government Ministry of Health and Ministry of Public Works and Transport By 2025 all Lao citizen live in Open Defecation Free Environment in the country. No one left behind. 2025
Lao People's Democratic Republic (the) Government Ministry of Public Works and Transport By 2020 Establish a National WASH Trust Fund to finance for sustainable WASH Service delivery. 2020
Lesotho Government Ministry of Water and its affiliation authorities/projects, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance and NGOs End population practising open defecation by 2030 and improve hygiene practices in schools, health facilities and selected rural communities 2023
Lesotho Government Ministry of Water and its affiliation authorities/projects, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance and NGOs Increase access to basic WASH services in schools and health care facilities to 50% by 2023 2023
Lesotho Government Ministry of Water Continuous advocacy for increasing the funding for the water sector 2019/20 budget vs 2018/19 2019
Lesotho Government Ministry of Water Increase national budget for the WASH sector by 5% (or US$) by 2023 to accelerate progress towards achieving WASH SDGs. 2019
Lesotho Government Ministry of Water and its affiliation authorities/projects, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance and NGOs Actions on issues of reducing the open defecation and improve hygiene practices in schools, health facilities and selected rural communities 2023
Liberia Civil Society Liberia CSOs WASH Network By July 2021, collaborate with the government of Liberia to ensure that all policies and laws protect the rights of persons living with disabilities and marginalized groups. 2021
Liberia Civil Society Liberia CSOs WASH Network CSO WASH Network: Promote accountability and transparency through budget advocacy from June 2019 to July 2021. 2021
Liberia Civil Society Liberia CSOs WASH Network By April 2020, collaborate with the WASH Commission and other stakeholders for the establishment of a special Human Rights Office within the Liberia WASH Commission to monitor and protect WASH-related human rights. 2024
Madagascar Civil Society OSCEAH (organisation de la Société Civile Eau Asainissement Hygiène) From 2019, civil society participation in advocacy towards the Ministry for increased funding to the sector to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. 2030
Madagascar Civil Society OSCEAH (organisation de la Société Civile Eau Asainissement Hygiène) Within eight months, identify the three best practices to improve access to WASH in the poorest and most inaccessible areas, and submit them to the government for implementation. 2020
Madagascar Civil Society OSCEAH (organisation de la Société Civile Eau Asainissement Hygiène) Every six months following the HLM, civil society will monitor implementation of the country's commitments with the government and other actors. 2020
Madagascar Government Ministère de l’Energie, de l’Eau et des Hydrocarbures (MEEH) Finalize the framework documents governing objectives, commitments and logical frameworks that will serve as a road map to achieving the SDGs by the end of 2019. 2019
Madagascar Government Ministère de l’Energie, de l’Eau et des Hydrocarbures (MEEH) Allocate approximately $180 million to the WASH sector over the next three years (2019–2021), of which about $40 million will be earmarked for sanitation and hygiene. The Ministry responsible for WASH will continue to advocate for a 25 per cent increase in this commitment as early as 2019. 2021
Madagascar Government Ministère de l’Energie, de l’Eau et des Hydrocarbures (MEEH) Increase access to drinking water by 70 per cent by the end of 2023. Become 90 per cent open defecation-free by the end of 2023 2023
Malawi Civil Society WES NETWORK WESNET: Catalyze and support all efforts aiming at putting research into use, including the Last Mile Study by December 2020 2020
Malawi Government Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Water Development Develop financing mechanisms and strategy on leave no-one-behind (based on the Last Mile Study Results which Malawi undertook through National ODF Taskforce by November 2019) 2019
Malawi Civil Society WES NETWORK WESNET commits to mobilize its members to develop and implement action plan towards addressing the needs of the ODF last milers (5% of people left behind as characterized by the ODF last mile study which clearly identified groups of people who are left behind after ODF) and support all efforts aiming at putting research into use by December 2020. 2020
What is the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism is a process for governments and other stakeholders to make commitments together on specific actions each actor will take to achieve their targets set in the short- to medium-term on the road to reaching the SDGs.

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism recognizes that government leadership is essential to achieving SDG 6 and sanitation and water for all, always and everywhere. Commitments for the Mutual Accountability Mechanism are drawn from the plans, strategies, targets and milestones developed by governments and other actors through multi-stakeholder planning and review processes. The SWA partnership expects all SWA partners to collaborate in the making of commitments, and to report back on their actions to achieve these commitments.

SWA partners can present and report on commitments at SWA‘s global High-level Meetings. SWA will also make use of the opportunities provided by regional water and sanitation meetings such as SACOSAN, LatinoSan and Africa Water Week to convene sessions relevant to the partners active in the region.

How can I engage with the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism invites all SWA partners and others to collaborate in the making of commitments. Depending on whether you are from a government agency, department or ministry, or whether you are from another constituency (civil society, external support agency, private sector or research and learning) you can engage with the process in collaboration with other partners and make commitments. It is not necessary to be an SWA partner to join the process of identifying and making commitments.

How can I make commitments?

Through multi-stakeholder national planning, monitoring and review processes, governments and other stakeholders define their short- medium- and long-term strategies to overcome existing bottlenecks and challenges and to achieve the WASH-related targets of the SDGs.

From these strategies, the government selects two or three priority actions or strategies ('commitments‘). These may address issues that have come up in the planning or review process, or may respond to specific aspects of the SDGs. Particularly relevant will be issues, such as ‘leave no-one behind’ or issues where SWA partners believe that the global or regional perspective offered by discussions with other SWA partners will be particularly helpful to them.

Commitments should be Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time bound (SMART), such that progress towards their achievement can be monitored, reviewed and reported upon.

How can I submit commitments ?

The SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism builds on and reinforces existing national multi-stakeholder planning and review processes. Through this mechanism, all SWA partners are invited to develop commitments, based on national priorities, to be shared on the SWA website and to be presented at SWA’s global High-level Meetings.

Below are the relevant online forms which transfer data directly to the SWA database and website.

If you have any problems or questions please write to: commitments@sanitationandwaterforall.org.

 

For governments

Please submit your commitments here - bit.ly/Airtable-Government


For all other constituencies and organizations 
Non-government actors working at country level:
If you are working at the country level, please submit your commitments here - bit.ly/NonGovt-country

 

Global organizations, including bilateral donors and international organizations
If you are working at the global level, please submit your commitments here - bit.ly/GlobalOrganization

Where can I see the commitments made by my government and by other partners?

All commitments are available on the SWA website, both on the dedicated country page, as well as through a webpage where you can search for commitments by country and topic.

All commitments made to-date under the Mutual Accountability Mechanism are available here.

How will I verify that I have achieved my commitments?

The monitoring and review of commitments must be anchored in the national cycle of planning- monitoring and review processes, with indicators identified to follow up on targets and specific commitments, along with their other nationally agreed targets and plans. This multi-stakeholder platform for country-level monitoring could be complemented by global aggregation of sector performance using JMP, GLAAS, the Collaborative Behaviours Country Profiles and any relevant regional monitoring mechanisms that are in place.

SWA’s global Sector Ministers’ Meetings provide an opportunity for SWA partners across the world to present and subsequently report on their own commitments and to learn from others’ priorities and activities. As every country has its own processes and timeframes, the SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism must allow for SWA partners to present and review their Commitments at the global meeting that is most appropriate to them. There will be a Finance Ministers’ Meeting in April 2020, and a Sector Ministers’ Meeting in the second half of 2021.

Will there be a regular SWA report on the commitments and the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

Every three years the SWA Secretariat will produce a global report on the progress reflected by the Mutual Accountability Mechanism, and on the extent to which partners have achieved the commitments made in the previous three years. This will provide an opportunity for analysis of successes and continuing challenges. The first global report will be available in 2021.

View all Webinars
Introduction to the Mutual Accountability Mechanism
SWA 2018 Webinar - SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism - 1st webinar (25 July)
SWA 2018 Webinar - SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism - 2nd webinar (26 July)
Introduction to the Mutual Accountability Mechanism
Leave No One Behind Webinar Series: Mutual Accountability in Action
SWA 2019 Webinar Series - Leave No One Behind - Accountability in Action - 27 Feb 2019 (EN #1)
SWA 2019 Webinar Series - Leave No One Behind - Accountability in Action - 27 Feb 2019 (EN #2)
Leave No One Behind Webinar Series: Mutual Accountability in Action

Testimonials

Akpa Oluyemisi

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism is important for the Government of Nigeria because it will give traction to ongoing initiatives for improving service delivery in the WASH sector

Federal Ministry of Water Resources Nigeria