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Mutual Accountability Mechanism

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) require that governments engage with all actors through participatory multi-stakeholder processes, and that they demonstrate accountability in the decisions that they are taking in ensuring universal access to water and sanitation services, leaving no-one behind.

SWA’s Mutual Accountability Mechanism is designed to respond to these obligations of participation and accountability. It reflects the vision, principles, obligations, requirements and challenges set by the SDGs, as well as incorporating the SWA Framework of Guiding Principles, Collaborative Behaviours and Building Blocks.

Commitments

Government
External Support Agencies
Civil Society
Private Sector
Research and Learning

Explore our Partner countries

Government Constituency Commitment Target year Lead body / Organization name
Cameroon Civil Society Ensure that CSOs develop advocacy plans focused on establishing and revitalizing regional water and sanitation committees in the 10 regions of Cameroon by 2022 2022
Cameroon Civil Society Advocate for the inclusion of the right to water and sanitation in Cameroon's constitution by 2025 2025
Cameroon Civil Society Civil society organizations (CSOs) commit to advocate for increased resource mobilization and CSO involvement in programming, planning, budgeting and monitoring and evaluation in the water and sanitation sector by 2030. 2030
Cameroon Civil Society Ensure that CSOs develop advocacy plans focused on establishing and revitalizing regional water and sanitation committees in the 10 regions of Cameroon by 2022 2022
Cameroon Civil Society Advocate for the inclusion of the right to water and sanitation in Cameroon's constitution by 2025 2025
Cameroon Civil Society Civil society organizations (CSOs) commit to advocate for increased resource mobilization and CSO involvement in programming, planning, budgeting and monitoring and evaluation in the water and sanitation sector by 2030. 2030
Cameroon Civil Society Ensure that CSOs develop advocacy plans focused on establishing and revitalizing regional water and sanitation committees in the 10 regions of Cameroon by 2022 2022
Central African Republic (the) External Support Agencies Support the government for the revision of the National WASH policy and Strategy in line with the SDG. 2019 UNICEF
Central African Republic (the) External Support Agencies Support the government for the revision of the National WASH policy and Strategy in line with the SDG. 2019
Central African Republic (the) Government Reduce the proportion of people practising open defecation, and ensure access to safe drinking water and sanitation for an additional 500,000 people, particularly the most vulnerable, by the end of 2021. 2021
Central African Republic (the) External Support Agencies Support the government in efforts to eliminate open defecation and improve access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. 2021
Central African Republic (the) Government Launch the National Water and Sanitation Fund with a specific budget allocated for sanitation and hygiene by end 2020. 2020 DIRECTION GENERALE DES RESSOURCES HYDRAULIQUES
Central African Republic (the) External Support Agencies Provide technical support to the Government for the operationalization of the Water and Sanitation National Fund by 2020 2020
Central African Republic (the) Government Launch the National Water and Sanitation Fund, with a specific budget allocated for sanitation and hygiene, by December 2020. 2020
Central African Republic (the) External Support Agencies Support the Government to launch the National Water and Sanitation Fund, with a specific budget allocated for sanitation and hygiene, by December 2020. 2020
Central African Republic (the) Government Provide access to safe drinking water and sanitation for 500,000 additional people – particularly the most vulnerable – by the end of 2021. 2021
Central African Republic (the) Government Revise the national policies and strategies for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) to bring them in line with the SDGs, focusing on equity and reducing inequalities by end 2019. 2019 DIRECTION GENERALE DES RESSOURCES HYDRAULIQUES
Central African Republic (the) Government Revise national WASH policies and strategies to bring them in line with the SDGs, focusing on equity and reducing inequalities, by December 2019. 2019
Chad External Support Agencies UNICEF commits to provide technical support to the government to organize roundtable on financing rural sanitation and to develop and implement effective operation and maintenance strategy of rural water supply. 2030
Chad External Support Agencies The UNICEF Country Office's commitments are related to rural sanitation and safe drinking water. UNICEF is supporting the sector coordination, the implementation of national ODF roadmap and sanitation bottlenecks analysis. 2030

Guidance note for submitting commitments

What is the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism is a process for governments and other stakeholders to make commitments together on specific actions each actor will take to achieve their targets set in the short- to medium-term on the road to reaching the SDGs.

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism recognizes that government leadership is essential to achieving SDG 6 and sanitation and water for all, always and everywhere. Commitments for the Mutual Accountability Mechanism are drawn from the plans, strategies, targets and milestones developed by governments and other actors through multi-stakeholder planning and review processes. The SWA partnership expects all SWA partners to collaborate in the making of commitments, and to report back on their actions to achieve these commitments.

SWA partners can present and report on commitments at SWA‘s global High-level Meetings. SWA will also make use of the opportunities provided by regional water and sanitation meetings such as SACOSAN, LatinoSan and Africa Water Week to convene sessions relevant to the partners active in the region.

How can I engage with the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism invites all SWA partners and others to collaborate in the making of commitments. Depending on whether you are from a government agency, department or ministry, or whether you are from another constituency (civil society, external support agency, private sector or research and learning) you can engage with the process in collaboration with other partners and make commitments. It is not necessary to be an SWA partner to join the process of identifying and making commitments.

How can I make commitments?

Through multi-stakeholder national planning, monitoring and review processes, governments and other stakeholders define their short- medium- and long-term strategies to overcome existing bottlenecks and challenges and to achieve the WASH-related targets of the SDGs.

From these strategies, the government selects two or three priority actions or strategies ('commitments‘). These may address issues that have come up in the planning or review process, or may respond to specific aspects of the SDGs. Particularly relevant will be issues, such as ‘leave no-one behind’ or issues where SWA partners believe that the global or regional perspective offered by discussions with other SWA partners will be particularly helpful to them.

Commitments should be Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time bound (SMART), such that progress towards their achievement can be monitored, reviewed and reported upon.

All actors in the water, sanitation and hygiene sector, working within a country should collectively agree on these country commitments, and will be expected to be able to report on their contributions to achieving them. The commitments made by government can be complemented with related commitments from the other SWA constituencies – external support agencies, civil society organizations, private sector and research and learning institutions.

Where can I see the commitments made by my government and by other partners?

All commitments are available on the SWA website, both on the dedicated country page, as well as through a webpage where you can search for commitments by country and topic.

All commitments made to-date under the Mutual Accountability Mechanism are available here.

How will I verify that I have achieved my commitments?

The monitoring and review of commitments must be anchored in the national cycle of planning- monitoring and review processes, with indicators identified to follow up on targets and specific commitments, along with their other nationally agreed targets and plans. This multi-stakeholder platform for country-level monitoring could be complemented by global aggregation of sector performance using JMP, GLAAS, the Collaborative Behaviours Country Profiles and any relevant regional monitoring mechanisms that are in place.

SWA’s global Sector Ministers’ Meetings provide an opportunity for SWA partners across the world to present and subsequently report on their own commitments and to learn from others’ priorities and activities. As every country has its own processes and timeframes, the SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism must allow for SWA partners to present and review their Commitments at the global meeting that is most appropriate to them. There will be a Finance Ministers’ Meeting in April 2020, and a Sector Ministers’ Meeting in the second half of 2021.

Will there be a regular SWA report on the commitments and the Mutual Accountability Mechanism?

Every three years the SWA Secretariat will produce a global report on the progress reflected by the Mutual Accountability Mechanism, and on the extent to which partners have achieved the commitments made in the previous three years. This will provide an opportunity for analysis of successes and continuing challenges. The first global report will be available in 2021.

Documents

View all Key documents
Key documents Type
Maldives - Collaborative Behaviours: Country Profile
Kenya - Collaborative Behaviours: Country Profile
Haiti - Collaborative Behaviours: Country Profile
China - Collaborative Behaviours: Country Profile
View all Webinars
Introduction to the Mutual Accountability Mechanism
SWA 2018 Webinar - SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism - 1st webinar (25 July)
SWA 2018 Webinar - SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism - 2nd webinar (26 July)
Introduction to the Mutual Accountability Mechanism
Leave No One Behind Webinar Series: Mutual Accountability in Action
SWA 2019 Webinar Series - Leave No One Behind - Accountability in Action - 27 Feb 2019 (EN #1)
SWA 2019 Webinar Series - Leave No One Behind - Accountability in Action - 27 Feb 2019 (EN #2)
Leave No One Behind Webinar Series: Mutual Accountability in Action

Testimonials

Akpa Oluyemisi

The Mutual Accountability Mechanism is important for the Government of Nigeria because it will give traction to ongoing initiatives for improving service delivery in the WASH sector

Federal Ministry of Water Resources Nigeria